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Times when things are in season

Taken from Mrs Beeton's 'Book of Household Management', 1861

JANUARY

Fish - Barbel, brill, carp, cod, crabs, crayfish, dace, eels, flounders, haddocks, herrings, lampreys, lobsters, mussels, oysters, perch, pike, plaice, prawns, shrimps, skate, smelts, soles, sprats, sturgeon, tench, thornback, turbot, whitings
Meat - Beef, house lamb, mutton, pork, veal, venison
Poultry - Capons, fowls, tame pigeons, pullets, rabbits, turkeys
Game - Grouse, hare, partridge, pheasants, snipe, wild-fowl, woodcock
Vegetables - Beetroot, broccoli, cabbages, carrots, celery, chervil, cresses, cucumbers (forced), endive, lettuces, parsnips, potatoes, savoys, spinach, turnips, various herbs
Fruit - Apples, grapes, medlars, nuts, oranges, pears, walnuts, crystallized preserves (foreign), dried fruits, such as almonds and raisins, French and Spanish plums, prunes, figs, dates

FEBRUARY

Fish - Barbell, brill, carp, cod may be bought, but is not so good as in January, crabs, crayfish, dace, eels, flounders, haddocks, herrings, lampreys, lobsters, mussels, oysters, perch, pike, plaice, prawns, shrimps, skate, smelts, soles, sprats, sturgeon, tench, thornback, turbot, whiting
Meat - Beef, house lamb, mutton, pork, veal
Poultry - Capons, chickens, ducklings, tame and wild pigeons, pullets with eggs, turkeys, wild-fowl, though now not in full season
Game - Grouse, hares, partridges, pheasants, snipes, woodcock
Vegetables - Beetroot, broccoli (purple and white), Brussels sprouts, cabbages, carrots, celery, chervil, cresses, cucumbers (forced), endive, kidney-beans, lettuces, parsnips, potatoes, savoys, spinach, turnips, various herbs
Fruit - Apples (golden and Dutch pippins), grapes, medlars, nuts, oranges, pears, walnuts, dried fruits (foreign), such as almonds and raisins, French and Spanish plums, prunes, figs, dates, crystallized preserves

MARCH

Fish - Barbel, brill, carp, craps, crayfish, dace, eels, flounders, haddocks, herrings, lampreys, lobsters, mussels, oysters, perch, pike, plaice, prawns, shrimps, skate, smelts, soles, sprats, sturgeon, tench, thornback, turbot, whiting.
Meat - Beef, house lamb, mutton, pork, veal.
Poultry - Capons, chickens, ducklings, tame and wild pigeons, pullets with eggs, turkeys, wild-fowl, though now not in full season.
Game - Grouse, hares, partridges, pheasants, snipes, woodcock.
Vegetables - Beetroot, broccoli (purple and white), Brussels sprouts, cabbages, carrots, celery, chervil, cresses, cucumbers (forced), endive, kidney-beans, lettuces, parsnips, potatoes, savoys, sea-kale, spinach, turnips,- various herbs.
Fruit - Apples (golden and Dutch pippins), grapes, medlars, nuts, oranges, pears (Bon Chretien), walnuts, dried fruits (foreign), such as almonds and raisins; French and Spanish plums; prunes, figs, dates, crystallized preserves.

APRIL

Fish - Brill, carp, cockles, crabs, dory, flounders, ling, lobsters, red and gray mullet, mussels, oysters, perch, prawns, salmon (but rather scarce and expensive), shad, shrimps, skate, smelts, soles, tench, turbot, whitings
Meat - Beef, lamb, mutton, veal
Poultry - Chickens, ducklings, fowls, leverets, pigeons, pullets, rabbits.
Game - Hares
Vegetables - Broccoli, celery, lettuces, young onions, parsnips, radishes, small salad, sea-kale, spinach, sprouts, - various herbs.
Fruit - Apples, nuts pears, forced cherries, ie. for tarts, rhubarb, dried fruits, crystallized preserves.

MAY

Fish - Carp, chub, crabs, crayfish, dory, herrings, lobsters, mackerel, red and gray mullet, prawns, salmon, shad, smelts, soles, trout, turbot.
Meat - beef, lamb, mutton, veal.
Poultry - Chickens, ducklings, fowls, green geese, leverets, pullets, rabbits.
Vegetables - Asparagus, beans, early cabbages, carrots, cauliflower, cresses, cucumbers, lettuces, pease, early potatoes, salads, sea-kale, various herbs.
Fruit - Apples, green apricots, cherries, currants for tarts, gooseberries, melons, pears, rhubarb, strawberries.

JUNE

Fish - Carp, crayfish, herrings, lobsters, mackerel, mullet, pike, prawns, salmon, soles, tench, trout, turbot.
Meat - Beef, lamb, mutton, veal, buck venison.
Poultry - Chickens, ducklings, fowls, green geese, leverets, plovers, pullets, rabbits, turkey pullets, wheatears.
Vegetables - Artichokes, asparagus, beans, cabbages, carrots, cucumbers, lettuces, onions, parsnips, pease, potatoes, radishes, small salads, sea-kale, spinach, - various herbs.
Fruit - Apricots, cherries, currants, gooseberries, melons, nectarines, peaches, pears, pineapples, raspberries, rhubarb, strawberries.

JULY

Fish - Carp, crayfish, dory, flounders, haddocks, herrings, lobsters, mackerel, mullet, pike, plaice, prawns, salmon, shrimps, soles, sturgeon, tench, thornback.
Meat - Beef, lamb, mutton, veal, buck venison.
Poultry - Chickens, ducklings, fowls, green geese, leverets, plovers, pullets, rabbits, turkey poults, wheatears, wild ducks (called flappers).
Vegetables - Artichokes, asparagus, beans, cabbages, carrots, cauliflowers, celery, cresses, endive, lettuces, mushrooms, onions, pease, radishes, small salading, sea-kale, sprouts, turnips, vegetable marrow, - various herbs.
Fruit - Apricots, cherries, currants, figs, gooseberries, melons, nectarines, pears, pineapples, plums, raspberries, strawberries, walnuts in high season, and pickled.

AUGUST

Fish - Brill, carp, chub, crayfish, crabs, dory, eels, flounders, grigs, herrings, lobsters, mullet, pike, prawns, salmon, shrimps, skate, soles, sturgeon, thornback, trout, turbot.
Meat - Beef, lamb, mutton, veal, buck venison.
Poultry - Chickens, ducklings, fowls, green geese, pigeons, plovers, pullets, rabbits, turkey poults, wheatears, wild ducks.
Game - Leverets, grouse, blackcock.
Vegetables - Artichokes, asparagus, beans, carrots, cabbages, cauliflowers, celery, cresses, endives, lettuces, mushroom, onions, pease, potatoes, radishes, sea-kale, small salading, sprouts, turnips, various kitchen herbs, vegetable marrows.
Fruit - Currants, figs, filberts, gooseberries, grapes, melons, mulberries, nectarines, peaches, pineapples, plums, raspberries, walnuts.

SEPTEMBER

Fish - Brill, carp, cod, eels, flounders, lobsters, mullet, oysters, plaice, prawns, skate, sole, turbot, whiting, whitebait.
Meat - Beef, lamb, mutton, pork, veal.
Poultry - Chickens, ducks, fowls, geese, larks, pigeons, pullets, rabbits, teal, turkeys.
Game - Blackcock, buck venison, grouse, hares, partridges, pheasants.
Vegetables - Artichokes, asparagus, beans, cabbages sprouts, carrots, celery, lettuces, mushrooms, onions, pease, potatoes, salading, sea-kale, sprouts, tomatoes, turnips, vegetable marrows,- various herbs.
Fruit - Bullaces, damsons, figs, filberts, grapes, melons, morella-cherries, mulberries, nectarines, peaches, pears, plums, quinces, walnuts.

OCTOBER

Fish - Barbel, brill, cod, crabs, ells, flounders, gudgeons, haddocks, lobsters, mullet, oysters, plaice, prawns, skate, soles, tench, turbot, whiting.
Meat - Beef, mutton, pork, veal, venison.
Poultry - Chickens, fowls, geese, larks, pigeons, pullets, rabbits, teal, turkeys, widgeons, wild ducks.
Game - Blackcock, grouse, hares, partridges, pheasants, snipes, woodcocks, doe venison.
Vegetables - Artichokes, beets, cabbages, cauliflowers, carrots, celery, lettuces, mushrooms, onions, potatoes, sprouts, tomatoes, turnips, vegetable marrow, various herbs.
Fruit - Apples, black and white bullances, damsons, figs, filberts, grapes, pears, quinces, walnuts.

NOVEMBER

Fish - Brill, carp, cod, crabs, eels, gudgeons, haddocks, oysters, pike, soles, tench, turbot, whiting.
Meat - Beef, mutton, veal, doe venison.
Poultry - Chicken, fowls, geese, larks, pigeons, pullets, rabbits, teal, turkeys, widgeons, wild duck.
Vegetables - Beetroot, cabbages, carrots, celery, lettuces, late cucumbers, onions, potatoes, salading, spinach, sprouts, - various herbs.
Fruit - Apples, bullances, chestnuts, filberts, grapes, pears, walnuts.

DECEMBER

Fish - Barbel, brill, carp, cod, crabs, eels, dace, gudgeons, haddocks, herrings, lobsters, oysters, perch, pike, shrimps, skate, sprats, soles, tench, thornback, turbot, whiting.
Meat - Beef, house lamb, mutton, pork, venison.
Poultry - Capons, chickens, fowls, geese, pigeons, pullets, rabbits, teal, turkeys, widgeons, wild ducks.
Game - Hares, partridges, pheasants, snipes, woodcocks.
Vegetables - Broccoli, cabbages, carrots, celery, leeks, onions, potatoes, parsnips, Scotch kale, turnips, winter spinach.
Fruit - Apples, chestnuts, filberts, grapes, medlars, oranges, pears, walnuts, dried fruits, such as almonds and raisins, figs, dates, etc., crystallized preserves.

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